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Using & Building Garden Compost Bins

Recycling Using Garden Compost Bins

Everyone is worried about the effect of climate change on our daily lives. Almost everybody agrees that global warming should be halted. Yet, no one is actively taking steps to reduce the emissions that lead up to global warming.

Well, here is a chance for us gardeners to be a part of the environmental movement.  Garden compost bins  enable us to produce our own organic fertilizers instead of purchasing chemical fertilizers that necessitate the utilization of polluting mechanisms in order to manufacture. Let us examine the advantages of compost in detail.

Advantages of Compost

•    The first  advantage of compost  (at least homemade ones) is that it’s completely free!!! Once you have the right equipment, you can keep on producing your own fertilizer without any other input other than the wastes of your kitchen or garden.

•    Secondly, compost is a natural organic matter that helps improve the soil structure. Unlike chemical fertilizers which add a large quantity of potassium and phosphorus to the soil resulting in the destabilization of the soil, organic matter on the contrary helps soil particles to bind together. The result is a more fertile and productive soil will make your garden flourish. If your garden soil is clayey, it is likely to be very compact and will hold a lot of water. This will result in poor plant growth. Adding compost to the clayey soil loosens the clayey soil and improves aeration and drainage.

•    Compost also retains the soil moisture. It is therefore an essential ingredient in supplying water to plants’ roots, particularly in very dry areas. If you live in a region where water is scarce, compost will help you reduce the water requirement of your soil and will enable good gardening in spite of a dry climate.

•    Compost releases plant nutrients upon decomposition. The advantage is that compost releases the nutrients slowly—unlike chemical fertilizers which release their nutrients within a short span of time. Plants usually take up nutrients (especially nitrogen) as per their requirements, which are small at any given time. The remaining nutrients either get washed away or are fixed in the soil in a form that plants cannot absorb. Thus, making large applications of fertilizers is non-productive and wasteful. Compost is an economic way of spurring plant growth.

Why Use a Compost Bin?

Compost is simply decayed plant matter.  In any case, vegetable wastes from garden and kitchen will rot down to produce organic matter. So what is the need for a compost bin? Compost bins are very useful to the gardener for three reasons:

(i)    It saves space—traditional compost heaps take up a lot of space, which the average gardener may not have or may wish to put to better use.

(ii)    It hastens decomposition—on average a compost heap can produce well-rotted compost in about 3 months. A compost bin hastens decomposition, and good compost can be obtained within 2-3 weeks.

(iii)    Finally, the compost bin enables the gardener to keep his yard neat and contain any offending odors that might affect the neighborhood.

Composting is an opportunity for every one of us to contribute to saving our planet. Composting bins are a practical way to do this.

 A Guide to Building a Compost Bin

It takes just fifteen minutes of time to build a compost bin for your backyard. You would be more than surprised to know how easy and convenient it is to building a compost bin and that too in a short period. You can also make compost pile and get your compost in your apartment without any backyard. So, now your plants can enjoy homemade and extremely nutritious compost for your plants.

Here are steps involved in building a compost bin:

Step 1: Recycle or purchase a pail or bin that has a tight fitting lid of about 24 inches tall or in taller. Your pail would also require a lid in order to keep all the critters out and to keep the soil’s moisture intact.

Step 2: Make eight to ten small holes with a drill in the bottom of your container. This will help in aeration. You may also drill some holes on the sides and walls of the bin, if necessary.

Step 3: It is important to place the compost bin in a shady area. The area should be far away from your home. In case you live in an apartment and have no backyard, it would be wise to place your bin on the patio. Make sure the compost is not exposed in full sun. This will dry out your compost.

Step 4: You must place some shredded newspaper or dried leaves on the compost bin’s bottom. You may fill it to 1/8 – full.

Step 5: The dirt from your garden should be placed on top of the newspaper until the compost is filled to half.

Step 6: You may place all grape stems, coffee grounds and onionskins.

Step 7: Stir the compost a little with the help of a shovel. Make sure that you cover all your food scraps with dirt.

Step 8: Spray the components with lukewarm water until it gets moist. Do not soak it wet.

Step 9: Make about eight to ten small holes on the lid of the bin.

Step 10: Place lid on compost every day. Make sure you stir each time you add food scraps to the bin.

Step 11: Place a lid on compost and wait for about two to three months in order to use your compost. Compost can be ideally used as much in order to cover flowerbeds. These can also be used to pot soil and even sprinkled over your grass to serve as a lawn conditioner.
Some tips and warnings:

One of the most common problems you may face with a compost is its’ smell. In case, your compost starts smelling strong, it may be due to extra water. Ensure that you stop adding extra scraps for a few day and drill more holes if necessary.

The bin needs to be moist all the time. Fruit flies can be a great problem so make sure your compost bin is far away from your house. This is the basic guide to building a compost bin.